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    文明的韌性 作文1000字

    時間:2019-06-09 09:50:27  作者:  來源  查看:0
    文明的韌性》

    原創: 許方繼
    縱觀天下,中國人大概是最有資格寫《文明的韌性》這個題目的了。我們是世界上歷史最悠久的文明,和我們同時期出現的文明都早已化為歷史的塵埃;我們是傳承性最好的文明,論中華文明之正統非中國莫屬,毫無爭議。至少在現在,我們認為中華文明是人類一切文明中最有韌性的絕非無稽之談。
    衡量一個文明的韌性,最重要的大抵就是衡量一個文明實現復興的能力。文明想要長盛不衰是不可能,迦太基城再堅固也終有被夷為平地的一天,羅馬城再宏偉也終有陷落的一刻。漢唐之盛何其壯哉,也不過是兩三百年之數。中國文明之所以能綿延不絕,并不是因為中國不會被毀滅,而是因為中華文明能夠不斷浴火重生,實現涅槃。
    不論是西方還是東方,北方的民族似乎總是比南方的民族更加驍勇善戰一些。不論是羅馬人還是中國人,在面對北方民族的南下時都有岌岌可危的時刻。在羅馬城被蠻族攻破之后,西羅馬帝國所象征的羅馬文明就徹底銷聲匿跡了,歐洲由此進入了黑暗的中世紀。然而中華文明卻不這樣,靖康之難使宋朝受到了沉重打擊,但換一個皇帝、遷一下首都,文明總歸還是能夠延續下去。即使是清兵入關,整個國家都落入敵手,中國的文明也不會斷絕。日耳曼人學習拉丁語和拓跋宏推行漢語并沒有什么不同,但羅馬文明滅亡了,中華文明復興了,這就是中華文明的堅韌之處。
    文明的毀滅也不全是由于外敵入侵,從內部發生變質腐爛進而導致毀滅的文明同樣比比皆是。東羅馬帝國曾幾何時也是羅馬文明的國家,到最后卻舍棄拉丁語而以希臘語為官話,放棄羅馬式的帝國而建立其東方式的國家,雖有羅馬之名,卻不復羅馬之實了。而中國人卻是不這樣,孟子見齊宣王曰:“王之所大欲,可得聞與?”王笑而不語。面對這樣的問題,笑而不語的恐怕不只是齊宣王而已,兩千年后的蔣介石聽到這個問題,難道不會笑而不語嗎?張載的橫渠四句和錢穆的“學貴大成不貴小用,大成者參與天地,小用者謀利計功”雖然隔了千年的時光,但從氣象上看實在沒有什么不同。馬可·奧勒留之后斯多葛學派再無大師,而儒家在兩千多年的歷史上代出人才。中華文明之韌性由此可見一斑。
    中華文明能有如此之韌性,能綿延至今而不衰,大抵有三個支柱。一曰郡縣,二曰科舉,三曰儒生。有郡縣則天下一統,國家不會割據分裂;有科舉則代有人才,民族不會無才可用;有儒生則人心不亂,文明不會“和平演變”。中國特色社會主義和儒學是什么關系呢?我覺得它們都是對中國文明的概括,并不拘泥于特定的觀點或主張。實事求是的講,我在文章里愛用“儒學”很多時候只是因為方便對仗罷了~(笑)
    文明終究是由人組成的,而郡縣、科舉、儒生則是怎樣用人、怎樣選人、選什么人的準則。設郡縣、興科舉、選儒生,那么中華文明的復興未來可期!
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